Brain Food: Us and them - Egypt

Egypt has the second-largest economy in the Arab world after Saudi Arabia, and the largest population (67.9 million). Predictions that the number of Egyptians will top 123 million by 2029 has prompted the government to tackle its population growth rate. Some 37.5% of Egyptians are aged 15 or under, while those over 65 account for just 3%-4%. The Nile is Egypt's lifeblood; indeed, only 4% of the country's land area is inhabited and cultivated.

Last Updated: 31 Aug 2010

- Egypt's economy is dominated by services, although nearly a third of the population still works in agriculture. The Suez Canal and tourism are important to the service sector, and remain resilient. The cost of living in Egypt is low: a litre of regular unleaded petrol costs just $0.16 in Cairo, compared with $1.43 in London; and a three-course dinner for four people at a top restaurant costs $129.45 in Cairo, but $370.37 in London.

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