BRAIN FOOD: Us And Them - Poland

Next May, Poland will join the EU, its largest trading partner, after 77.5% of the nation's 38.6 million population said tak in June this year.

At $187.7 billion, Poland's GDP is less than half the EU average, although growth for 2003 is expected to reach 3%, up from 1.2% in 2002. In the post-communist transformation, the service sector has flourished at the expense of industry and agriculture, and growing business sectors include insurance and pharmaceuticals.

On the surface, Poland is cheap, with a cost-of-living index of 62, compared to the UK's 102. Consumer prices rose a moderate 2.9% in 2002, compared to 5.5% in 2001. Yet, the average gross monthly wage is only $679, 75% less than the EU average of $2,746. One of Poland's most pressing concerns is unemployment, at 18.8%. Private car ownership rose rapidly in the 10 years from 1990 to 2000, from 138 to 259 per 1,000 people.

Sign in to continue

Sign in

Trouble signing in?

Reset password: Click here


Call: 020 8267 8121



  • Up to 4 free articles a month
  • Free email bulletins

Register Now

Get 30 days free access

Sign up for a 30 day free trial and get:

  • Full access to
  • Exclusive event discounts
  • Management Today's print magazine

Join today