The patriarchal style offers lessons and competition for the West, writes Robert Heller.
If the World Athletics Championships in Tokyo had been accompanied by a similar management event, the host country would certainly have won hands-down, and over every distance: sprint, middle and marathon. But another nation has played a large and unsuspected part in the world's most dynamic economic performance in the century's last decade - that of East Asia, which to 2,000 AD is set to grow by 6.6% annually against only 3% for the industrialised countries.
That nation consists of the Chinese outside China. Throughout the East, expatriate Chinese have been associated with remarkable feats of management-by-bootstrap: elbowing their way into the world economy from most unpromising positions. Backward countries, often isolated islands with tiny home markets, have become serious players in modern businesses like electronics.