Are there ever any winners in a price war?

None of the players in the Great Supermarket Price War of 2014-15 is likely to emerge a victor.

by Alastair Dryburgh
Last Updated: 27 Mar 2015

As the commemorations of the 100th anniversary of the First World War draw to a close, one sector of the economy looks as if it might be mobilising for a hugely damaging conflict of attrition of its very own. I'm talking about the Great Supermarket Price War of 2014-15.

'Hard discount' stores such as Aldi and Lidl have thrown a bomb into the nation's shopping aisles by devising a way of selling groceries that is 15% cheaper than the likes of Tesco and Sainsbury's. No surprise that they are popular. In response, many commentators who really should know better are urging the big players to cut prices to compete. The result is a price war - a truly horrible idea. There are three reasons why.

First off, it's too easy. A good strategy is hard to copy. It takes skill and hard work to create an exceptional customer experience, to build an efficient logistics system or engender an emotional connection between customer and brand. If you can, there is a good chance you will reap the benefit for years. When other fools follow suit, the result is that everyone ends up with the same market shares but less revenue.

Secondly, price wars play into the hands of the enemy. The hard discounters have designed every part of their business to be cheaper than their big rivals. Tesco challenging Aldi to a price war makes as much sense as British Airways doing the same to Ryanair.

Thirdly, to start a price war is to focus on the wrong customers. Tesco's sales may be down 4.5% in a year, but you could also say it still has more than 95% of the business it had before. To cut prices would be to focus on the 5% of customers who left rather than the 95% who stayed.

So unless you really are the cheapest in your sector and can stay that way, don't try to compete solely – or even largely – on price. It's as strategically bankrupt an idea as the trench-warfare tactics of those WWI generals.

Alastair Dryburgh is chief contrarian of Akenhurst Consultants. For ideas better than price wars, subscribe to his newsletter at

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