IESE professor Pablo Cardona and associate researcher Helen Wilkinson explain in their new research that individuals need to "understand interdependencies that arise between a team's members and make the most out of them in order to achieve a common goal".
To take advantage of these interdependencies however, individuals need to know themselves first, their strengths, skills and personality traits, and how this could affect team performance.
Cardona and Wilkinson identify personality as a key factor in working out interdependencies between team members. "Personality, the sum of temperament and character, comes out in the tendency to take on certain roles and avoid others," they explain.
Knowing one's role in a team - coordinator, shaper, implementer, specialist etc - is also crucial to work out how best to contribute to a project, particularly at different stages.
Finally, adopting a positive attitude can also go a long way in facilitating project implementation, first by generating positive energy but also personal commitment and open-mindedness to other members' ideas.
Source: Tell me who you are and I'll tell you how to work
Helen Wilkinson and Pablo Cardona
IESE Insight March 2007