How she made her pile: Elizabeth II, monarch

Who is she? Ruler of 125 million people across 16 states, she controls the Crown Estate, Britain's biggest property portfolio, worth £5 billion. This includes most of London's Regent Street, more than 600 commercial properties and the entire UK seabed to a distance of 12 nautical miles from the coast. She is said to have a personal fortune of about £300 million.

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Last Updated: 31 Aug 2010

How did she make her millions? One was born into it. The Queen's Balmoral and Sandringham estates are worth £90 million between them. Her stamp collection, inherited from her grandfather, George V, is worth even more. Then there's £120 million of investment, a £2 million private art collection and her inheritance from the Queen Mother.

The secret of her success? Being Queen. Her bulging coffers are bolstered every year by public funds from the Civil List, to the tune of £9.9 million. That's a handy way to take care of niggly laundry, food and booze bills. Look after the pennies, as they say.

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