Tata Steel has had a unique affect on both the industrial and social development of India for well over a century. The country's largest private steel maker introduced a wide array of progressive industrial policies, often well before even its contemporaries in the West. Its remarkable sensitivity to employee needs has been demonstrated by universal health coverage; childcare and free schooling, rewards for worker loyalty and a host of other initiatives reflecting Tata's declared philosophy that social responsibility is good for a company's bottom line - particularly in a country with so few social safety nets. At the start of a new millennium, however, the corporation may no longer be able to fully escape the pressures now faced by the industry as a whole. Steel prices had been depressed for many years, due mainly to global overproduction, and a greater number of shareholders would likely make it harder for Tata to maintain its historical level of close community support.
INSEAD Associate Professor of Management Jean-François Manzoni, Senior Affiliate Professor of Marketing Vikas Tibrewala and Research Program Manager Kathryn Hughes offer a comprehensive evaluation of this remarkable company as it endeavours to remain true to the vision of its founder in today's trying times. The past decade has seen Tata downsize and cut operational costs dramatically. To the initial alarm of many workers, it began outsourcing many of its non-core services, such as electricity and water provision in the late 90s. At the end of 2001, Tata announced Vision 2007, its new vision statement. Its two main objectives: do whatever may be deemed necessary to become an EVA-positive company, while still continuing to improve the life quality of employees and the community at large.
The authors explore the remarkable levels of support and loyalty demonstrated towards Tata by its workers over the decades. There have been no strikes since 1928, and employees have even physically resisted outside "agitators", including national union representatives. (The unions even agreed to the recent downsizings.) Attempts by national and state governments at directly intervening in Tata's affairs have also been consistently met with mass popular opposition.